A male cat with signs of urinary tract infection should be seen by veterinarian.
There are a vast number of potential causes of FLUTD; as previously mentioned, some cats experience severe inflammation of the bladder and/or urethra without an identifiable cause. These idiopathic cases must be differentiated from other potential causes so that appropriate treatment can be given. Some of the potential causes of FLUTD are listed below: The initial diagnosis of FLUTD is based on the identification of signs of lower urinary tract inflammation. The clinical signs displayed by the cat are often characteristic of FLUTD. A urinalysis will confirm the presence of inflammation or infection.
Appropriate treatment for a bladder infection should rapidly improve a cat’s symptoms (e.g., urinating outside the box, discomfort when urinating, frequent urination, and/or producing only small amounts of urine at a time). If your cat is not feeling better within just a day or two of starting the antibiotic, it is time to perform a urine culture if one was not run initially, try a different class of antibiotic, or reevaluate the initial diagnosis. Persistent or recurrent urinary tract infections are quite rare in cats unless an underlying medical problem like diabetes mellitus or antibiotic resistance is to blame.
Urinary tract infections in cats with chronic kidney disease. - NCBI
CAT WITH URINARY TRACT INFECTION, The Animal Doctor | uexpress
The symptoms of your pet's urinary tract infection will usually dramatically decrease within two to four days of therapy. Prognosis of a cure for simple urinary tract infections is excellent after a two-week course of therapy. A follow-up urine analysis should be done five to seven days after antibiotic therapy is completed to evaluate for persistent, unresolved, or recurrent infection. If your pet's infections are not adequately controlled, long-term complications including deep-seated kidney infections and pain may occur. In cases that recur or with prolonged symptoms, it is important to have a complete medical examination to evaluate for underlying causes that need to be addressed. In cases where physical exam and diagnostic testing fail to determine underlying causes, long-term therapeutic options including daily, low-dose antibiotic therapy at bedtime may be tried. In other cases, five to seven-day full course antibiotic therapy each month (known as pulse therapy) is another common long-term treatment option. Clinical history and a thorough physical exam are important components of diagnosing urinary tract infections in dogs and cats, as well as searching for predisposing causes. Urine testing and urine analysis, including microscopic exams of urine are the hallmarks of definitive diagnosis. The most accurate diagnostic technique is to obtain urine by having a needle inserted into your pet's bladder (known as cystocentesis) by your veterinarian. This technique is relatively painless and has a very low risk of complications. If this is not possible, pet guardians are often asked to obtain a first morning urine sample (known as a free catch sample) to drop off to their veterinarian for urine analysis. In pets with recurrent or persistent infections, additional testing may be done, including urine culture, X-rays, and ultrasound to evaluate for other diseases like urinary tract stones, polyps, or tumors. If clinically indicated, CBC/chemistry blood profiles may be done to evaluate for systemic diseases such as and .