Feb 1, 1999 - Clinical evaluation of commercially available urinary acidification diets in the management of idiopathic cystitis in cats
The third and most common reason for bloody urine is interstitial cystitis. We are just starting to understand this complex and often frustrating disease, which appears to be the most common cause of recurrent blood in a cat’s urine. In addition to blood tinged urine, increased frequency of urination and straining to urinate may also be seen. This disease is diagnosed by excluding crystalluria, urinary tract stones, and urinary tract infection via analysis of urine, urine culture and abdominal radiographs (x-rays) or ultrasound. It is managed by diet modification, increasing canned food to increase the cat’s hydration and thereby decrease the concentration of his urine.
The team from the College of Veterinary Medicine is hopeful the new diet will help cats dissolve certain bladder stones and prevent future occurrences, and prevent a disorder known as feline idiopathic cystitis, in which cats suffer from bladder inflammation.
Feline Cystitis and Bladder/Kidney Stones - Feline Nutrition
HomeVet | How Can I Treat My Cat's Cystitis (or FUS, or FLUTD)?
Feline urinary health is a very important topic. Most of the sick feline cases we see on a daily basis have to do with the urinary system. Cystitis is among the most common problem we face. Younger cats typically do not get urinary tract infections, but commonly get cystitis. Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder wall. Stress is the number one instigator of cystitis. Has your schedule changed? Have you gotten new items in your household? Is there construction in or outside your home? Any of these and more can cause stress to your cat and cause them to urinate outside the box. Many of these cats present for just urination outside the box, urinating frequently, and some also have blood in their urine. The mainstay of treatment for these cats is to relieve the stress in the home. The biggest are more play and more vertical space. Having cat trees or just shelves for them to get away to is very helpful. Play should be individual, one-on-one time with your cat for at least 20 minutes a day. Play fetch, feather toys, bags etc. Whatever your cat goes nuts for, get them active. It will show your kitty that you care for them and keep their mind off the stress around them. Another idea that can help with stress is Feliway Cat Diffusers which emit pheromones to alleviate stress and help with behavior modification if needed. Medications are very rarely prescribed. Below we’ll talk about how diet has a role in stress relief as well.Vets don't know exactly what causes in cats. Vets suspectthat bacterial infection, early neutering and dry food diets may play arole in the development of this disease. Some vets think that felinecystitis may be related to a herpes virus.The second component of cystitis is diet. Diet and the cat’s own physiology can cause crystal formation which in turn causes irritation of the bladder wall. While there’s nothing inherently wrong with your cat’s diet, if the cat is predisposed to forming crystals (which unfortunately you won’t know until it happens), it can cause major issues. The biggest issue, of course, is urinary obstruction for our male cats. These crystals get lodged in the penis causing urine to back up into the bladder and causing the kidneys to fail. This can occur in just hours after obstruction. This is a life threatening condition. If you see your cat straining with minimal to no urine production, please call us ASAP as this is a true emergency. The other consequence of urinary crystal formation is bladder stones. Depending on the type, some can be dissolved (Magnesium Ammonium Phosphate aka Struvite) with diet, but others (Calcium Oxalate, Cysteine, Urate) cannot be dissolved and need to be surgically removed.Many, but not all, cats with cystitis exhibit blood in the urine and discomfort in urinating. The discomfort often seems to be mild but some cats appear to be in acute distress. Every cat is an individual, and nees to be treated as such. Some cats may develop stones in the bladder which can be surgically removed, or dissolved with diet modification combined with homeopathic tratment. When indicated, supportive nutritional supplements ay be used.